CBD vs. Hemp Oil: Differences, Types, Uses, Side Effects & More

CBD vs. Hemp Oil

The history of cannabis and its related products dates back centuries. Over the past few decades, cannabidiol (CBD) and its products were banned in most of the world’s countries owing to its controversial effects on the human brain. However, recently the USA has lifted the ban on the use of cannabis and its products.

A few years back food and drug administration (FDA) has approved the cannabidiol-based drug for human use. Since its approval in the USA more and more people have become interested in knowing the health benefits of cannabis (CBD) and hemp seed oil. Most often people mix or consider CBD and hemp oil as the same thing. But these are different things based on their composition and the equivalency of the different byproducts of the cannabis.

In this blog, you will fully understand how CBD and hemp oil differ from each other and what are their uses?

The main difference between CBD and hemp oil is that they have different sources of extraction. E.g. for the extraction of CBD oil, stalks, flowers, and leaves of hemp plants are used. These parts of hemp plants contain a higher proportion of CBD which carries greater health benefits.

Meanwhile, hemp oil is extracted from the seeds of the cannabis Sativa plant, which is not rich with CBD but it is rich with fatty acids, nutrients, and useful bioactive substances which also have health benefits but lesser than that of CBD. It is the most important thing to know about the difference between CBD and hemp seed oil as it will help the clinicians and consumers to choose the better product for their presenting problem.

Hemp Seed Oil:

Hemp seed oil is extracted from the cannabis Sativa plant and it contains omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, linolenic acid, and other nutritious and antioxidants that are useful for the human body. The hemp seed oil also contains some amounts of important vitamins like vitamin B and vitamin D. You will not get high after consumption of hemp seed oil as it doesn’t contain any tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and little to no amount of CBD.

It is believed that hemp seed oil lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases by improving the amount of triglycerides, high density, and low-density lipoproteins. However, these are not supported by any scientific evidence yet. Hemp seed oil is usually used for health purposes instead of recreation purposes as the CBD and THC in hemp seed oil are minimum to zero in quantity. Other important uses of hemp seed oil are stated here.

Uses of Hemp Seed Oil:

Hemp seed oil is often mixed with other nutritional products like snacks, loaves of bread, etc it provides an excellent source of nutrients. It is rich in essential amino acids along with unsaturated fatty acids. Hemp seed oil is used for:

  • Modifying or boosting the immune system
  • Providing cardiovascular health benefits to the general public
  • Relieving constipation
  • Alleviating different gastrointestinal conditions
  • Improving different skin conditions
  • Anti-oxidant effects
  • Anticancer effects
  • Anti-aging effects

Side Effects of Hemp Seed Oil:

Although hemp seed oil contains no CBD and no THC and comes with a good variety of fatty acids along with vitamins, however, there are also some side effects of hemp seed oil which anyone can experience after the consumption of hemp seed oil. These side effects are:

  • Some people may face digestive issues after the consumption of hemp seed oil.
  • It may not provide cardiovascular benefits to its users.
  • Due to the presence of THC (Very less, about less than 0.3%), it can make you high but this happens very rarely. Otherwise, the hemp seed oil is completely safe to use, 

CBD Oil:

CBD stands for cannabidiol and it is the second most prevalent product of cannabis. CBD oil or cannabidiol oil is extracted from cannabis Sativa plants. It is extracted from the stalks, leaves, and flowers of the Sativa plant because these parts of the cannabis Sativa plants contain more amount of CBD which has greater health benefits. There are different types of CBD oils available in the market. 

Types of CBD Oils:

These oils are:

  1. CBD oil containing only CBD: It doesn’t contain any other product of cannabis except CBD. 
  2. Full-spectrum CBD Oil: It contains all the products of cannabis plants including THC. 
  3. Broad-spectrum CBD Oil: It contains several compounds except for CBD. 

Never forget to check the certification of the manufacturer whose products you are going to buy because many of the sellers will try to rob you by changing the names of the different products. Checking the quality of analysis (COA) is the only way to know what quantity of CBD is there in any product.

Although several facts are known about the Mechanism of action of CBD oil, however, researches are being conducted continuously to know the exact phenomenon by which CBD oil affects the human body ad brain by different processes. Some of the understood methods by which CBD acts are stated here:

  1. It increases the activity of the serotonin receptors.
  2. By regulating the Vanilloid 1 and G-coupled 55, Vanilloid 55 is an important receptor for pain regulation
  3. It inhibits the endocannabinoid reuptake. 

In full-spectrum CBD oil, as it contains little amount of THC, this THC binds with the CB1 receptor of the endocannabinoid system which is responsible for the psychoactive effects that are observed after the consumption of the full-spectrum CBD oil.

However, broad-spectrum CBD oil and only CBD-containing oil don’t have such psychoactive effects after consumption. Although, only CBD and broad-spectrum CBD oils may contain beta-caryophyllene, which sometimes, may also act on CB2 receptors.

Uses of CBD Oil:

CBD oil comes with many benefits for human health. These benefits not only cover the physical aspects but also the mental ones. Because CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system thus it influences the human brain which in turn influences the whole human body.

Important health benefits of CBD oils are due to the properties of their different products. Because different products of the cannabis which are present in CBD have different properties, these properties are:

CBD is laden with the following health beneficial important features:

  1. Anti-anxiety effects
  2. Pain-relieving effects
  3. Anti-inflammatory effects
  4. Neuroprotective effects
  5. Anti-depressive effects

THC comes with the following important health beneficial properties:

  1. Pain-relieving effects
  2. Anti-nausea effects
  3. Anti-inflammatory effects

Beta-caryophyllene present in CBD oil has the following important health benefits:

  1. Anti-anxiety
  2. Pain-relieving

Limonene has:

  1. Anti-tumor effects
  2. Anti-oxidant effects

Side effects of CBD Oil:

Although CBD oil has many health benefits for the general public it has also some side effects. Anyone can experience these side effects after the use of CBD oil. Not everyone may experience these effects but only those who are sensitive.

These side effects are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Increase appetite
  • Elevated liver enzymes

Conclusion

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